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一种电磁式高静-低动刚度隔振系统建模与特性分析

张明 李洪涛 崔浩东 孙凤 徐方超 张磊

张明, 李洪涛, 崔浩东, 孙凤, 徐方超, 张磊. 一种电磁式高静-低动刚度隔振系统建模与特性分析[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20230365
引用本文: 张明, 李洪涛, 崔浩东, 孙凤, 徐方超, 张磊. 一种电磁式高静-低动刚度隔振系统建模与特性分析[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20230365
ZHANG Ming, LI Hongtao, CUI Haodong, SUN Feng, XUN Fangchao, ZHANG Lei. Modeling and Characteristic Analysis of an Electromagnetic Isolation System with High Static Stiffness and Low Dynamic Stiffness[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20230365
Citation: ZHANG Ming, LI Hongtao, CUI Haodong, SUN Feng, XUN Fangchao, ZHANG Lei. Modeling and Characteristic Analysis of an Electromagnetic Isolation System with High Static Stiffness and Low Dynamic Stiffness[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20230365

一种电磁式高静-低动刚度隔振系统建模与特性分析

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20230365
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52005344,52005345);辽宁省科技厅面上项目(2022-MS-271);辽宁省教育厅青年项目(LJKQZ2021044);国家重点研发计划(2020YFC2006701);辽宁省教育厅科学技术研究青年项目(202007141)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张明(1988—),男,副教授,博士,研究方向为磁力减震与柔性机器人技术,E-mail:mingzhang@sut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH135;TB535.1

Modeling and Characteristic Analysis of an Electromagnetic Isolation System with High Static Stiffness and Low Dynamic Stiffness

  • 摘要:

    为改善传统线性隔振系统尺寸参数确定后就无法取得更低起始隔振频率的缺陷,基于电磁线圈嵌套永磁体结构,提出一种具有高静-低动刚度特性的电磁式可变刚度隔振系统. 采用分子电流法建立隔振系统磁力的数学模型;充分考虑隔振系统力学模型中二次与三次非线性刚度项的影响,建立单自由度被动隔振系统强非线性动力学模型;采用增量谐波平衡法(IHB)求解动力学模型,分析激励、电流等对隔振系统位移传递率的影响规律;构建实验测试系统,验证所提出新型隔振系统的有效性. 实验结果和理论计算表明:通入电流比未通入电流时隔振系统的起始隔振频率降低了19.25%,拓宽了隔振频带,实现了其对不同振源的适应性.

     

  • 图 1  高静-低动刚度隔振系统

    Figure 1.  Vibration isolation system with high static stiffness and low dynamic stiffness

    图 2  隔振系统轴向力示意

    Figure 2.  Axial force of vibration i isolation system

    图 3  系统工作原理

    Figure 3.  System working principle

    图 4  A对系统刚度的影响

    Figure 4.  Effect of A on system stiffness

    图 5  B 比对系统刚度的影响

    Figure 5.  Effect of B on system stiffness

    图 6  X对系统刚度的影响

    Figure 6.  Effect of X on system stiffness

    图 7  1组磁环的分子电流模型

    Figure 7.  Molecular current model of magnetic rings

    图 8  磁环与多层载流线圈的分子电流模型

    Figure 8.  Molecular current model of a magnetic ring and current-carrying coil with multiple layers

    图 9  对比结果

    Figure 9.  Comparative results

    图 10  动力学模型

    Figure 10.  Dynamic model

    图 11  相平面图

    Figure 11.  Phase plane

    图 12  质量与基座在13.5 Hz下的加速度图像

    Figure 12.  Acceleration image of mass and base at 13.5 Hz

    图 13  不同电流下的位移传递率

    Figure 13.  Simulated displacement transmissibility with different currents

    图 14  试验系统示意图.

    Figure 14.  Test setup

    图 15  不同电流下的位移传递率实验结果.

    Figure 15.  Experimental results of displacement transmissibility with different currents

    表  1  结构参数

    Table  1.   Structural parameters mm

    参数 数值
    磁环内径 5
    磁环外径 12
    磁环厚度 8(上、中),12(下)
    线圈内径 15
    线圈外径 30
    线圈厚度 16
    工作气隙 Z 15
    线径 s 1
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-24
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-08

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