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城轨交通制动能量利用技术研究现状与展望

刘继宗 张祖涛 王浩 孔苓吉 伊敏熠 朱忠尹

刘继宗, 张祖涛, 王浩, 孔苓吉, 伊敏熠, 朱忠尹. 城轨交通制动能量利用技术研究现状与展望[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220676
引用本文: 刘继宗, 张祖涛, 王浩, 孔苓吉, 伊敏熠, 朱忠尹. 城轨交通制动能量利用技术研究现状与展望[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220676
LIU Jizong, ZHANG Zutao, WANG Hao, KONG Lingji, YI Minyi, ZHU Zhongyin. Braking Energy Utilization in Urban Rail Transit: Status and Prospects[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220676
Citation: LIU Jizong, ZHANG Zutao, WANG Hao, KONG Lingji, YI Minyi, ZHU Zhongyin. Braking Energy Utilization in Urban Rail Transit: Status and Prospects[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220676

城轨交通制动能量利用技术研究现状与展望

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220676
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(51975490)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘继宗(1983—),男,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为机械制动能采集及其储存, E-mail:liujizong@swjtu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    张祖涛,(1974一),男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为机械能采集及其存储技术,E-mail:zzt@swjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TK018

Braking Energy Utilization in Urban Rail Transit: Status and Prospects

  • 摘要:

    城市轨道交通的发展对缓解城市交通拥堵问题有着重要作用,而其再生制动能量利用技术也备受关注. 目前,逆变式再生制动能量利用技术包括回馈电路拓扑结构、车-网电压关系和回馈装置优化;其余再生制动能量利用技术包括超级电容储能、飞轮储能、电池储能在内的各类储能式. 系统而全面地回顾了基于逆变回馈和储能回馈的城市轨道交通再生制动能量利用技术,指出技术发展过程中的特征、趋势以及关键研究问题,包括提升储能密度、系统稳定性与装置寿命,为该领域的进一步探索和商业化发展提供指导. 同时对城市轨道交通再生制动能量利用技术的研究趋势进行分析,未来研究方向可聚焦于系统拓扑优化、储能容量、系统稳定性、使用寿命及技术经济分析等方面.

     

  • 图 1  逆变回馈技术原理

    Figure 1.  Principle of inverter feedback technology

    图 2  APQC拓扑电路[41]

    Figure 2.  APQC topology circuit [41]

    图 3  直流总线电压与电网关系

    Figure 3.  Relationship between DC bus voltage and grid

    图 4  逆变回馈装置组成

    Figure 4.  Composition of inverter feedback device

    图 5  城轨交通储能式再生制动能量利用原理

    Figure 5.  Energy utilization principle of energy storage type regenerative braking in urban rail transit

    图 6  超级电容储能型原理

    Figure 6.  Supercapacitor energy storage principle

    图 7  飞轮装置本体结构示意

    Figure 7.  Flywheel device structure

    图 8  飞轮储能实验平台拓扑图[118]

    Figure 8.  Topology of flywheel energy storage experimental platform [118]

    图 9  直流供电系统仿真平台[135]

    Figure 9.  DC power supply system simulation platform [135]

    图 10  超导磁储能系统结构

    Figure 10.  Structure of superconducting magnetic energy storage system

    图 11  储能式城轨交通再生制动能量利用技术实际应用案例图解

    Figure 11.  Illustration of application case of energy utilization technology of energy storage type regenerative braking in urban rail transit

    图 12  中英文年度发文量特征

    Figure 12.  Characteristics of annual publication volume in China and abroad

    图 13  关键词时序共现图

    Figure 13.  Keyword temporal co-occurrence

    图 14  区域年度发文趋势

    Figure 14.  Regional annual publication trends

    表  1  逆变回馈装置商业化案例

    Table  1.   Commercialization case of inverter feedback device

    产品制造商应用案例使用效果
    HESOP[72]阿尔斯通米兰地铁3号线99%的制动能量能回收
    Sitras PCI[73]西门子贝尔尼纳铁路回收能量功率 2.5 MW
    INGEBER[74]英赫特安巴塞罗那,维也纳等地的地铁项目减少12%的能量损失
    INPEFS[75]英博电气广州某地铁站单次谐波补偿率95% 以上
    再生制动回馈变流器[76]许继集团广州地铁 5 号线回收能量功率 1 MW
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  储能式城轨交通再生制动能量利用技术实际应用案例分析

    Table  2.   Case analysis of practical application of energy utilization technology of energy storage type regenerative braking in urban rail transit

    储能装置国家应用路线储能节能参数
    超级电容[164]中国北京地铁 5 号线最大存储能量 2.57 kWh
    超级电容[166]西班牙马德里地铁容量为 2.3 kWh,功率 1 MW
    超级电容[162]德国Mannheim 轻轨车辆最大功率300 kW
    超级电容[163]中国香港地铁储存容量 2.8~45 MJ
    飞轮[169]中国北京地铁房山线安装容量1 MW,日平均节电量为 1 200~1 300 kW·h
    飞轮[168]美国洛杉矶地铁额定功率为 2 MW,能量容量为 8.33 kW·h
    飞轮[166]德国汉诺威的 USTRA 城轨交通系统
    电池[170]美国纽约市公交网络能量容量为400 kW·h
    电池[171]法国巴黎有轨电车
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  文献来源

    Table  3.   Literature sources

    数据库 检索方式 检索主题 主题词组合 时间范围 文献类型 文献范围 文献语言 检索结果
    CNKI 主题检索 城市轨道交通 AND 再生制动 (地铁OR轨道交通OR城轨交通 OR地铁列车OR城轨列车 OR有轨电车OR地铁车辆OR城轨车辆)AND(再生制动OR能量回馈OR再生能量OR制动能量OR再生电能) 2002—2022年 期刊 SCI收录刊、EI收录刊、核心期刊、CSSCI期刊、CSCD期刊 中文 294
    WoS 主题检索 Urban Rail Transit AND Regenerative Braking (Urban Rail Transit OR Metro Train OR Transit System OR Urban Rail OR Urban Subway Line) AND(Regenerative Braking OR Energy Consumption OR Braking Energy OR Energy Recovery OR Energy Feedback OR Regenerative Energy) 2002—2022年 Article,Review SCI-E, SSCI, AHCI, CPCI-S, CPCI-SSH, ESCI, CCR-E, IC English 749
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  全球排名前10国家或地区发文情况

    Table  4.   Top 10 countries or regions in publication volume

    序号国家发文量/篇占比/%
    1中国34946.595
    2美国12616.822
    3英国587.744
    4意大利476.275
    5西班牙385.073
    6加拿大324.272
    7荷兰243.204
    8澳大利亚233.071
    9日本212.804
    10韩国202.670
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-12
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