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轮对升降速工况下短信号拼接定速信号的方法

张伟 董大伟 黄燕 闫兵 华春蓉 吕路梅 宋世哲

张伟, 董大伟, 黄燕, 闫兵, 华春蓉, 吕路梅, 宋世哲. 轮对升降速工况下短信号拼接定速信号的方法[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220523
引用本文: 张伟, 董大伟, 黄燕, 闫兵, 华春蓉, 吕路梅, 宋世哲. 轮对升降速工况下短信号拼接定速信号的方法[J]. 西南交通大学学报. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220523
ZHANG Wei, DONG Dawei, HUANG Yan, YAN Bing, HUA Chunrong, LYU Lumei, SONG Shizhe. Method of Splicing Constant Speed Signals with Short Signals During Wheelset Acceleration and Deceleration[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220523
Citation: ZHANG Wei, DONG Dawei, HUANG Yan, YAN Bing, HUA Chunrong, LYU Lumei, SONG Shizhe. Method of Splicing Constant Speed Signals with Short Signals During Wheelset Acceleration and Deceleration[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220523

轮对升降速工况下短信号拼接定速信号的方法

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220523
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (51875482)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张伟(1983—),男,博士研究生,研究方向为代理模型故障识别,E-mail:zdaweiswo@my.swjtu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    黄燕(1987—),女,讲师,博士,研究方向为振动及噪声控制,E-mail:huangyan8791@swjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH701;TN911.7

Method of Splicing Constant Speed Signals with Short Signals During Wheelset Acceleration and Deceleration

  • 摘要:

    列车轮对的特征值与转速密切相关,进行轮对故障定量分析时需要采集某转速下一定长度的信号,而实际工作于变速工况的系统难以方便获得该信号,为了满足定量分析的要求,本文提出一种不需要转速计的信号重构方法,该方法利用升降速工况下的短信号片段拼接成指定转速下的定速信号. 首先,采用STFT(short-time Fourier transform)峰值搜索方法获取转速曲线并提取通过指定转速的多个信号片段;其次,将信号片段转换成角域信号并通过互功率谱密度确定信号间的相位差,根据相位差和前信号的长度,得到信号间的拼接位置,并采用插值和融合技术保证拼接信号的连续性;最后,将拼接得到的角域信号恢复成时域信号. 经与轮对结构相似的转子实验台实验验证:某裂纹轴在升降速过程中,使用本方法获得的各转速拼接信号频谱和实验获得的定速信号频谱高度接近,其中15.0 Hz拼接信号与定速信号的1x、3x值的相对误差仅为0.9%、1.0%,将待拼接信号加入噪声且缩短到1.5个周期后,拼接相位误差不超过10°.

     

  • 图 1  变速和定速信号的对比

    Figure 1.  Comparison of variable speed and constant speed signals

    图 2  不同长度变速信号的对比

    Figure 2.  Comparison of variable speed signals with different lengths

    图 3  两段角域信号的拼接方法

    Figure 3.  Splicing method of two angular domain signals

    图 4  信号不同拼接误差的连接情况和DSSIM值

    Figure 4.  Signal connection and DSSIM value of different splicing errors

    图 5  信号拼接流程

    Figure 5.  Signal splicing process

    图 6  转子实验台和控制器

    Figure 6.  Rotor test bench and speed controller

    图 7  升降速信号和15 Hz定速信号的对比

    Figure 7.  Comparison of acceleration and deceleration signal and constant speed signal of 15 Hz

    图 8  2条转速曲线对比

    Figure 8.  Comparison of two speed curves

    图 9  升速过程中4段14.9~15.1 Hz的信号

    Figure 9.  Four signals of 14.9–15.1 Hz during acceleration

    图 10  直接拼接和本文方法拼接结果对比

    Figure 10.  Comparison between direct splicing and proposed method

    图 11  加噪声后直接拼接和本文方法拼接的对比

    Figure 11.  Comparison of direct splicing and proposed method after adding noise

    图 12  缩短信号后本方法拼接的结果

    Figure 12.  Splicing results of proposed method after shortening the signal

    图 13  各转速定速信号和拼接信号的瀑布图

    Figure 13.  Waterfall of each constant speed signal and splicing signal

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-02
  • 修回日期:  2023-03-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-05

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