• ISSN 0258-2724
  • CN 51-1277/U
  • EI Compendex
  • Scopus 收录
  • 全国中文核心期刊
  • 中国科技论文统计源期刊
  • 中国科学引文数据库来源期刊

近远场地震下RC大跨轻柔拱桥减隔震支座方案优化

邵长江 崔皓蒙 漆启明 韦旺 庄卫林 黄辉 袁得铮

邵长江, 崔皓蒙, 漆启明, 韦旺, 庄卫林, 黄辉, 袁得铮. 近远场地震下RC大跨轻柔拱桥减隔震支座方案优化[J]. 西南交通大学学报, 2024, 59(3): 615-626. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220122
引用本文: 邵长江, 崔皓蒙, 漆启明, 韦旺, 庄卫林, 黄辉, 袁得铮. 近远场地震下RC大跨轻柔拱桥减隔震支座方案优化[J]. 西南交通大学学报, 2024, 59(3): 615-626. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220122
SHAO Changjiang, CUI Haomeng, QI Qiming, WEI Wang, ZHUANG Weilin, HUANG Hui, YUAN Dezheng. Optimization of Seismic Isolation Bearing Scheme of RC Long-Span Soft Arch Bridge under Near-Field and Far-Field Ground Motions[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2024, 59(3): 615-626. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220122
Citation: SHAO Changjiang, CUI Haomeng, QI Qiming, WEI Wang, ZHUANG Weilin, HUANG Hui, YUAN Dezheng. Optimization of Seismic Isolation Bearing Scheme of RC Long-Span Soft Arch Bridge under Near-Field and Far-Field Ground Motions[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2024, 59(3): 615-626. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220122

近远场地震下RC大跨轻柔拱桥减隔震支座方案优化

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.20220122
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51978581,51178395);四川省科技计划(2017JY0059)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邵长江(1970—),男,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为桥梁工程抗震,E-mail:shao_chj@126.com

  • 中图分类号: U448

Optimization of Seismic Isolation Bearing Scheme of RC Long-Span Soft Arch Bridge under Near-Field and Far-Field Ground Motions

  • 摘要:

    为探明不同地震动输入对某大跨轻柔拱桥减隔震的影响,通过非线性有限元模型分析近远场地震下桥梁结构的响应规律,得到大桥支座的优化布置方案. 首先,基于模态分析,对比该桥与传统钢筋混凝土(RC)拱桥动力特性差异;其次,选取不同脉冲周期的近场地震动、近场无脉冲及远场长周期地震动记录;最后,研究近远场地震下拱桥的响应行为和损伤演化路径,得到优化桥梁的减隔震支座设计方案. 研究结果表明:近场脉冲及远场长周期地震下的桥梁结构响应大于无脉冲地震响应;纵竖向地震下高墩柱剪力及弯矩包络曲线呈“S”形,墩身中部易形成塑性铰,高阶振型影响显著;桥梁纵桥向先于横向震损,损伤路径依次为矮柱、高墩柱及拱肋实心-空心截面段;摩擦摆支座减震效果最佳但位移较大,高阻尼支座方案在近场中长脉冲周期及远场长周期地震下仍会发生损伤,板式橡胶支座方案因无法保证支座同步滑移而不能形成准隔震体系;“高阻尼 + 摩擦摆”混合方案的支座位移小,拱肋及墩柱均处于弹性,是近断层大跨轻柔RC拱桥的优选减隔震方案.

     

  • 图 1  桥梁立面图(单位:m)

    Figure 1.  Elevation view of the bridge (unit: m)

    图 2  典型振型和质量参与系数

    Figure 2.  Typical vibration modes and mass participation coefficient

    图 3  各类地震动加速度反应谱均值

    Figure 3.  Average acceleration response spectra of different ground motions

    图 4  主拱拱肋的位移及内力响应包络图

    Figure 4.  Displacement and internal force response envelops of the main arch rib

    图 5  墩柱位移及内力包络图

    Figure 5.  Displacement and internal force envelops of pier columns

    图 6  墩顶和支座位移包络图

    Figure 6.  Displacement envelops of column tops and bearings

    图 7  拱肋过渡截面的M-N曲线

    Figure 7.  M-N curves of transition section of arch rib

    图 8  关键截面CDR曲线

    Figure 8.  CDR curves of critical sections

    图 9  拱桥地震损伤演化

    Figure 9.  Seismic damage evolution of arch bridge

    图 10  不同地震动下拱肋及墩柱截面损伤状态

    Figure 10.  Damage of arch rib and pier column sections under different ground motions

    图 11  各支座的累计耗能曲线及P9支座滞回曲线

    Figure 11.  Cumulative energy dissipation curves for different bearings and hysteretic curves of P9 bearing

    图 12  混合方案及摩擦摆方案的支座位移包络

    Figure 12.  Bearing displacement envelopes of hybrid scheme and friction pendulum scheme

    表  1  近远场地震下拱肋的位移及内力减震效果

    Table  1.   Seismic isolation effect of displacement and internal force of arch rib under near-field and far-field ground motions %

    地震动拱顶位移减震率拱肋过渡截面剪力减震率拱肋过渡截面弯矩减震率
    准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座
    纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向
    NSP29.128.518.931.032.832.215.515.614.418.225.824.212.311.110.212.515.215.2
    NMP42.522.125.626.552.228.821.012.217.320.229.226.226.810.525.211.232.216.8
    NLP35.215.621.222.340.225.522.312.316.821.035.222.128.25.826.78.829.910.2
    NNP12.8−2.18.85.215.29.813.3−8.611.28.614.815.68.7−10.55.35.910.27.4
    FFL33.55.620.316.538.320.224.57.622.115.635.318.832.23.230.57.536.58.8
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  近远场地震下立柱P9的减震效果

    Table  2.   Seismic isolation effect of column P9 under near-field and far-field ground motions %

    地震动柱顶位移减震率柱底剪力减震率柱底弯矩减震率
    准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座准隔震方案高阻尼支座摩擦摆支座
    纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向纵向横向
    NSP20.2−2.327.712.838.018.212.95.656.630.269.232.432.15.254.421.069.228.1
    NMP25.522.328.525.142.135.538.528.234.249.254.552.861.225.258.235.162.360.1
    NLP48.218.955.624.262.332.135.225.133.145.138.349.528.319.862.232.382.150.2
    NNP10.8−10.212.110.621.514.78.72.245.625.156.129.820.9−10.920.115.621.223.3
    FFL30.515.238.822.350.225.615.219.242.332.471.235.645.514.769.225.279.930.3
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 张令,徐略勤. 近断层地震下大跨钢管混凝土拱桥损伤模式研究[J]. 地震工程与工程振动,2020,40(3): 204-215.

    ZHANG Ling, XU Lueqin. Damage pattern analysis of large-span CFST arch bridge under near-fault earthquakes[J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, 2020, 40(3): 204-215.
    [2] 庄卫林. 汶川地震公路震害分析: 桥梁与隧道[M]. 北京: 人民交通出版社, 2013: 57-69.
    [3] 李小珍,刘鸣,杨得海,等. 大跨度上承式钢桁架拱桥的地震损伤演化模拟[J]. 西南交通大学学报,2020,55(6): 1207-1214,1223.

    LI Xiaozhen, LIU Ming, YANG Dehai, et al. Seismic damage evolution simulation of long-span deck steel truss arch bridge[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2020, 55(6): 1207-1214,1223.
    [4] 李小珍,杨得海,雷康宁,等. 大跨度连续梁拱桥多点多维地震响应分析[J]. 西南交通大学学报,2021,56(2): 221-228.

    LI Xiaozhen, YANG Dehai, LEI Kangning, et al. Seismic response of continuous beam-arch bridge under spatially varying ground motions[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2021, 56(2): 221-228.
    [5] 张永亮,冯鹏飞,陈兴冲,等. 高阶振型对大跨度钢桁拱桥地震反应的影响[J]. 振动与冲击,2020,39(6): 225-229,242.

    ZHANG Yongliang, FENG Pengfei, CHEN Xingchong, et al. Influence of high-order modes on the seismic response of a long-span steel truss arch bridge[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2020, 39(6): 225-229,242.
    [6] DENG K, YAN G, YANG H, et al. RC arch bridge seismic performance evaluation by sectional N-M interaction and coupling effect of brace beams[J]. Engineering Structures, 2019, 183: 18-29. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.01.013
    [7] ÁLVAREZ J J, APARICIO A C, JARA J M, et al. Seismic assessment of long-span arch bridge considering the variation in a axial forces induced by earthquakes[J]. Engineering Structures, 2012, 34: 69-80. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.09.013
    [8] XIN L, LI X, ZHANG Z, et al. Seismic behavior of long-span concrete-filled steel tubular arch bridge subjected to near-fault fling-step motions[J]. Engineering Structures, 2019, 180: 148-159. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.11.006
    [9] YAZDANI M, JAHANGIRI V, MAREFAT M S. Seismic performance assessment of plain concrete arch bridges under near-field earthquakes using incremental dynamic analysis[J]. Engineering Failure Analysis, 2019, 106: 104170.1-104170.24.
    [10] 邢帆,祝兵,赵灿晖. 近断层地震作用下大跨CFST拱桥的动力稳定性[J]. 西南交通大学学报,2012,47(3): 367-372.

    XING Fan, ZHU Bing, ZHAO Canhui. Dynamic stability of long-span CFST arch bridge under action of near-fault ground motions[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2012, 47(3): 367-372.
    [11] 李晰,何澜,李倩,等. 脉冲型地震动对CFST拱桥抗震性能的影响分析[J]. 西南交通大学学报,2019,54(4): 731-740.

    LI Xi, HE Lan, LI Qian, et al. Effect of pule-like ground motion on seismic performance of concrete-filled steel tubular arch bridge[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2019, 54(4): 731-740.
    [12] 梁雄,李乾坤,苏成. 某跨海大桥主桥总体方案与减隔震研究[J]. 振动与冲击,2019,38(9): 252-259,284.

    LIANG Xiong, LI Qiankun, SU Cheng. Study on the overall scheme and isolation of the main bridge of a sea-crossing bridge[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2019, 38(9): 252-259,284.
    [13] 李杰,杨得海,陈五一,等. 城市大跨度连续梁拱桥减隔震措施研究[J]. 公路,2020,65(7): 113-118.

    LI Jie, YANG Dehai, CHEN Wuyi, et al. Research on seismic isolation measures of urban long span continuous beam arch bridge[J]. Highway, 2020, 65(7): 113-118.
    [14] SHAO C J, JU J W W, HAN G Q, et al. Seismic applicability of a long-span railway concrete upper-deck arch bridge with CFST rigid skeleton rib[J]. Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 2017, 61(5): 645-655. doi: 10.12989/sem.2017.61.5.645
    [15] 中华人民共和国交通运输部. 公路桥梁抗震设计规范: JTG/T 2231-01—2020[S]. 北京: 人民交通出版社, 2020.
    [16] 李建中,汤虎. 中小跨径板式橡胶支座梁桥横向抗震设计研究[J]. 土木工程学报,2016,49(11): 69-78.

    LI Jianzhong, Tang Hu. Study on transverse seismic design of small and medium span bridges with elastomeric bearing pads[J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2016, 49(11): 69-78.
    [17] European Committee for Standardization. Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance—part 1: general rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings: BS EN 1998-1: 2004[S]. London: The British Standards Institute (BSI), 2004.
    [18] European Committee for Standardization. Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance-part 2: bridges: BS EN 1998-2: 2005[S]. London: The British Standards Institute (BSI), 2005.
    [19] 徐龙军,胡进军,谢礼立. 特殊长周期地震动的参数特征研究[J]. 地震工程与工程振动,2008,28(6): 20-27.

    XU Longjun, HU Jinjun, XIE Lili. On characteristics of ground motion parameters for special long-period ground motions[J]. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 2008, 28(6): 20-27.
  • 加载中
图(12) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  122
  • HTML全文浏览量:  49
  • PDF下载量:  77
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-18
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-27
  • 刊出日期:  2022-12-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回